This was the only meaning of feudal in any language before the eighteenth century. Susan reynolds argues that the concepts of the fief and of. Can anybody with access to britannica online pull out the. Susan reynolds is an emeritus fellow of lad3 margaret hall, oxford. It offers a fundamental challenge to orthodox conceptions of feudalism. Feudalism simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Vassal, in feudal society, one invested with a fief in return for services to an overlord. Susan reynolds born 1929 is a british medieval historian whose book fiefs and vassals.
Documents of the baronial movement of reform and rebellion. Offering a fundamental challenge to orthodox conceptions of feudalism, susan reynolds argues that the concepts of fiefs and vassalage that have been central to the understanding of medieval society for hundreds of years are in fact based on a misunderstanding of the primary sources. Speculum style sheet the medieval academy of america. Its academic view of fiefs and vassals became the basis for the sixteenthcentury interpretations of feudal institutions that have held sway ever since. The medieval evidence reinterpreted oxford, 1994, 1819, 9293. Offering a fundamental challenge to orthodox conceptions of feudalism, susan reynolds argues that the concepts of fiefs and. Pdf feudalism and the medieval societal hierarchy researchgate. Fiefs and vassals is a book that will change our view of the medieval world. Bibliography of the writings of paul hyams university of reading. Each illustration should be submitted in its own file without a caption. Fiefs and vassals susan reynolds oxford university press. Certain vassals who held their fiefs directly from the crown were tenants in chief and formed the most important feudal group, the barons. Susan reynolds argues that the concepts of the fief and of vassalage, as understood by historians of medieval europe, were constructed by post medieval scholars from the works of medieval academic lawyers and tha they provide a bad guide to the realities of.
Supporters of brown have gone so far as suggesting that the term should be expunged from history textbooks and lectures on medieval history entirely. The medieval evidence reinterpreted by reynolds, susan and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at. The ealdorman begins by associating his inheritance erfeandbocland, but later, in the speci. Feudalism in the holy roman empire was a politicoeconomic system of relationships between liege lords and enfeoffed vassals or feudatories that formed the basis of the social structure within the holy roman empire during the high middle ages. The history of the idea of lehnswesen german historical institute.
However, the king would give some of the land to the lords or nobles who fought for him, called vassals. Browns the tyranny of a construct 1974 an susan reynoldss fiefs and vassals 1994, thare has been ongaein inconclusive discussion amang medieval historians as tae whither feudalism is a uisefu construct for unnerstaundin medieval society. Susan reynolds argues that the concepts of the fief and of vassalage, as understood by historians of medieval europe, were constructed by post medieval scholarsfrom the works of medieval academic lawyers and tha they provide a bad guide to the realities. Feudalism was a set of legal and military customs in medieval europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries, which, broadly defined, was a system for structuring society around relationships derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour although derived from the latin word feodum or feudum fief, 1 then in use, the term feudalism and the system it. In a book that has already stirred up much discussion and is bound to stimulate more. The medieval evidence reinterpreted 1994, susan reynolds expanded upon browns original thesis. The tenure was one which denoted great honour, but also carried heavy responsibilities. In germany the system is variously referred to lehnswesen, feudalwesen or benefizialwesen. Fiefs and vassals has changed our view of the medieval world. Feudalism was a combination of legal, economic and military customs that flourished in medieval europe between the 9th and 15th centuries. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books youve read. The medieval evidence reinterpreted by susan reynolds fiefs and vassals is a book that will change our view of the medieval world. It offers a fundamental challenge to orthodox conceptions of feudalism and overturns centuries of misconceptions about the nature of medieval social relations.
Whether youve loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. Fiefs and vassals is a book that will change our view of the medie. With feudalism, all the land in a kingdom was the kings. This electronic text file was created by optical character recognition ocr. Broadly defined, it was a way of structuring society around relationships that were derived from the holding of land in exchange for service or labour.